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Richmond, Monday, 15th of Kislev (Nov.) 1825.

Peace and all good forever to our master and teacher, the crown of our
head, chief of the court, rabbi and guide of the holy flock, Rabbi
Abraham Sutro
, etc., and peace and all that is good to his wife, Rebecca,
and to all the members of his household.

I have been very much pained to find out that you have not received
my letters. I was the more sad about this because I must have seemed un-
grateful, since you might have supposed that my silence was due to the fact
that I had already forgotten everything that I received from you and my
other friends. But, believe me, that after having been here four days, I
began to write, and wrote fourteen
a a a on the 10th day, and dispatched
them at once. How it happened that you did not receive them, I cannot
understand, for I wrote, and waited from Rosh Hodesh Ellul for a letter
daily. Until finally I was fortunate enough to receive four letters
from Dulmen Two (sic) hours after we left the synagogue on Sh'mini Atzereth.
It is now about 2 weeks since I sent a bundle of letters addressed ?
in care of Mr. A. Leffman, by way of Baltimore, but I cannot tell when
these letters will arrive in Germany. Since now an opportunity presents
itself by way of Rotterdam, since the brig Somers, E. P. Lord, company, is
about to leave for that point, I decided to send as many letters as pos-
sible to such people to whom I have not yet written.

I had to overcome several dangers before arriving in America.
Sometimes it seemed as if "The cords of death encompassed me and the
straits of the grave had come upon me"*. The storms which we had during our long journey sometimes threatened destruction, a precipitate death,
a cold, sad, terrible end, but, "I found trouble and sorrow and called upon
the name of the lord"**. Frequently, dear Rabbi, your blessing, your wishes
at my departure, gave me new strength, new courage. For, was not this
your blessing, "If you go in water, I am with you, and streams will not
overwhelm you"*** Although I was unprepared to die, nevertheless I gave
myself silently over to the will of the Almighty. and since I had no
prayer book in which there was a prayer for travelers on the sea, I made

*Psalm 116:3 **Psalm 116:3 ***Isaiah 43:2 (somewhat misprinted[?])

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up my own, which occasionally brought me some comfort. I had to overcome
certain unpleasantnesses, but, thank God, without their causing me the
slightest loss. I learned from it how little one needs to live, how
much to live well. So? (sic) Much about my journey, I have related agreat (sic) deal
in my letters to Rabbi Benjamin K. Z., which went by way of Baltimore.
And since you are the chief of our communities in Westphalia, the follow-
ing report, the translation of which I want to give to you, will probab-
ly interest you. George Bethune English was a teacher of philology in
one of the universities of the northern states. Through research he dis-
covered that the religion of the Nazarene was false and that our reli-
gion is first in truth and probability. Nevertheless, he did not want
to accept it completely. Mordecai M. Noah is a Jewish lawyer in the city
of New York. He was once consul of the United States to the Barbary
States
. I believe Algiers or Tripoli. He wrote a book about his travels
which I have not yet seen. This man Noah is the editor of a newspaper,
bearing the name "National Advocate" which appears twice weekly. In the
issue of Tuesday, the 4th of May, Mr. Noah says,"

"At the departure of Mr. English for Constantinople, in the sum-
mer of 1823, we asked him to send to us some news regarding the
number and condition of the Jews in the Ottoman Empire. When he
arrived there, the following letter from him which was contained
ina (sic) newspaper from Smyrna, shows some important facts, which in-
dicate that the Jews have never, since they became scattered, been
quite without a certain internal government. The opinions of Mr.
English
about the Greeks may have caused certain changes in his report. We, in this land, have a different opinion from him.

Constantinople, January 13, 1824.

Dear Sir: I have the honor to let you know that after a good many un-
fortunate delays, I finally arrived in the capital of the Ottoman Em-
pire
during the first days of November.......

(Unfortunately, the letter breaks offhere (sic))